Allergy symptoms

Seasonality and antihistamines

The spring is the favourite season for many, but there are some who are anxious about it because they know that their allergies will be aggravated. However, the spring is not the only season when to be worried about the seasonal allergic rhinitis or hay fever. The only allergen-free season is the winter (it does not exclude allergies triggered by dust mites, mould or animals, though). April and May are the months when trees are in bloom (oak, birch, willow), whereas June and July — pollen and crop months. Weed pollen starts emerging in late summers, early falls.

You can find accurate forecasts of allergy-triggering plant blooming on the website, wherer you can send an enquiry and then receive the necessary information in an e-mail. This information is prepared by the Aerobiological Service of the Centre for the Examination and Treatment of Allergic Illnesses.

To reduce the manifestations of seasonal allergies, such as running nose, watering eyes, sneezing, itching, keep a pack of antihistamine handy.

Antihistamines target a special substance secreted by cells — histamine — causing allergic reactions and inflammation. Antihistamines can be taken every day to control the manifestation of symptoms or when any of the symptoms are triggered. The third option is to expect the moment of contact with a specific allergen and then take antihistamine.

Antihistamines are divided into two groups: antihistamines that cause drowsiness and non-drowsy antihistamines. If your aim is not to relax and sleep, we recommend taking the non-drowsy antihistamine, which will not interfere with your daily errands.




Manifestations of allergies

Manifestations of allergies can differ depending on the part of the body that is most affected (sometimes, allergic reactions can be combined). Allergic eye damage — allergic conjunctivitis; allergic damage to nasal mucous membrane — allergic cold (rhinitis); allergic bronchial damage — bronchial asthma; allergic skin damage — hives.

Fighting off allergies

Manifestations of allergies inconvenience the daily life. Therefore, as soon as there are any signs of a possible allergy, it is important to reassess the environment, potential allergens or irritants, the time of origination and duration of symptoms, as well as their impact on the quality of life to consult a family physician or allergologist. The most effective way of treating an allergy is prophylaxis. It means that we must know the allergen and exclude any possibility of contact with it.